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Date posted: March 31, 2013

Dr Sunila BHMS,MD(Hom) 

Toxicity is the degree to which something is able to produce illness or damage to an exposed organism. Toxicity is the ability of a chemical or physical agent to induce detrimental temporary or permanent tissue change or to detrimentally interfere with normal biochemical processing.

Toxic” and similar words came from Greek “bow (weapon)” and via “poisoned arrow,” which came to be used for “poison” in scientific language.

In the science of toxicology, toxicity is the degree of impact of an external substance or condition and its deleterious effects on living things A central concept of toxicology is that effects are dose-dependent; even water generally not considered to be toxic  can lead to water intoxicationwhen taken in large enough doses, whereas for even a very toxic substance such as snake venom there is a dose below which there is no detectable toxic effect.

Common symbol for toxicity is the skull and crossbones .

There are generally three types of toxic entities:

  • Chemical
  • Biological and
  • Physical.

Toxicity of a substance can be affected by many different factors:

  • The pathway of administration (whether the toxin is applied to the skin, ingested, inhaled, injected).
  • The time of exposure (a brief encounter or long term).
  • The number of exposures (a single dose or multiple doses over time).
  • The physical form of the toxin (solid, liquid, gas).
  • The genetic makeup of an individual, an individual’s overall health, and many others.

Toxicity Chapter in Murphy’s Repertory

Homoeopathic medical Repertory by Robin Murphy now has 70 chapters & they are arranged alphabetically from Abdomen to Wrist. 

The formatting for Homoeopathic Medical Repertory is similar to Kent’s Repertory with the strongest remedies designated in BOLD- CAPITALS (3 points), next bold italics (2 points) & plain type (1 point).

Chapter Toxicity in Murphy’s Repertory is unique in that this chapter is not present in Synthesis, Kent, Boenninnnghausen’s or Boger’s Repertories.

Rubrics related with alcohol, drugs, chemicals, poisons, tobacco & vaccinations are included in Toxicity Chapter.

Most of the Rubrics present in Toxicity Chapter in Murphy’s Repertory are included in Generals Chapter in Synthesis Repertory. 

Examples: 

  • Generals ALCOHOLIC stimulants (but ALCOHOLISM is in Mind)
  • Generals MEDICINE
  • Generals TOBACCO agg. Nicotinism etc.

Most of the Rubrics present in Toxicity Chapter in Murphy’s Repertory are included in GENERALITIES Chapter in Kent’s Repertory.

Example:

  • GENERALITIES ALCOHOLIC stimulants
  • GENERALITIES TOBACCO agg.
  • GENERALITIES VACCINATION, after

Most of the Rubrics present in Toxicity Chapter in Murphy’s Repertory are included in AGGRAVATION & AMELIORATION IN GENERAL Chapter inBoger’s Repertory. 

Examples: 

  • AGGRAVATION & AMELIORATION IN GENERAL Drunkards (topers) agg.
  • AGGRAVATION & AMELIORATION IN GENERAL Tobacco amel
  • AGGRAVATION & AMELIORATION IN GENERAL Vaccination agg.

But Rubric “Alcoholism, intoxication etc.” is present in MIND Chapter.
Rubrics related with alcohol, drugs, chemicals, poisons, tobacco & vaccinations etc are less in number in Boenninnghausen’s Therapeutic Pocket Book.

Tobacco aggravation is present in AGGRAVATIONS Chapter in Boenninnghausen’s Therapeutic Pocket Book.

“Toxicity” in Murphy’s Repertory is a very useful chapter because almost all rubrics related with toxicity can be seen here in one place.

Important rubrics in toxicity chapter 

ACIDS, foods, agg: OLND., nat-p.

           amel: PTEL. 

ADDICTIVE, personality: carc, lach, med, nux-v, op, thuj.

ALCOHOL, abuse of: ARS, ASAR, AUR, BAR-C, LACH, NUX-V, OP, RAN-B, SEL, SULPH, SUL-AC.

           Paralysis after abuse of: OP. 

ALCOHOLISM, delirium tremens, mania-a-potu: AGAR, ARS, HYOS, LACH, NAT-M, NUX-M, NUX-V, OP, RAN-B, STRAM, STRY.

  • Elderly, emaciated persons, in: OP.
  • praying with: STRAM.
  • small quantity of alcoholic stimulants, from: OP
  • sopor with snoring: OP. 

ALUMINIUM, poisoning: alum, bry, plb. 

ANAESTHESIA, ailments from: PHOS, acet-ac, carb-v,chlf. 

ANTIBIOTICS, worse from: nit-ac. 

ARSENIC, poisoning: HEP, ars, carb-v, ferr, ip, merc, phos, verat. 

ARTIFICIAL, food agg: alum. 

BELLADONNA, abuse of: hyos, op.

CARBON, gas poisoning: CARB-V. 

CHEMICALS, hypersensitive to: ARS, PHOS. 

CHEMOTHERAPY, treatment, for side effects, of: CADM-S. 

CHINA, abuse: HEP. 

COD liver oil, abuse: hep.

COFFEE agg: CANTH, CAUST, CHAM, IGN, NUX-V.

  • Menopause period during: LACH.

 ailments from: CHAM.

 amel: CHAM, COLOC.

 aversion to: CALC, NUX-V.

 desires: ANG, NUX-V. 

DRUG, overdose: gels, nux-v, op.

  • abuse: AVEN, NUX-V
  • addictions: aven, nux-v.
  • oversensitive to: NUX-V, PULS, SULPH.
  • high potencies: NIT-AC, PHOS.
  • quick reaction: PHOS.
  • wants of susceptibility, to: mosch.,op.

FOOD, poisoning: ARS, carb-v, coloc, ip, nux-v, podo, puls, urt-u.

  • bad water: ars.
  • fish, spoiled: carb-v, puls.
  • fruit, acid, sour: NAT-P.
  • shellfish , agg: LYC.
  • spoiled, fatty, rich: PULS.
  • meat:  ARS.

 HANGOVER, reveling, from a night of: IP, NUX-V. 

HYPERSENSITIVE: ars, coff, merc, nit-ac, phos.

  • allopathic drugs: MED, NIT-AC, PUL, SULPH.
  • homoeopathic remedies, potencies: ARS, MED, NIT-AC, PHOS., thuj. 

INTOXICATION, ailments, after: NUX-, OP.

LEAD, poisoning: ALUM, CAUST, PLB, TUB. 

MINING, ill effects from: sil. 

MORPHINE, addiction, ailment from: AVEN, OP. 

MUSHROOMS, poisoning from: absin, ars, bell. 

NARCOTICS, abuse: AVEN, BELL, CHAM, COFF, LACH, NUX-V. 

PTOMAINE poisoning, ailments from: ars, cupr-ar, pyrog, verat. 

PURGATIVES, abuse: NUX-V. 

RADIATION, sickness, for side effects: CADM-S, SOL. 

REMEDIES, homoeopathic, reactions to:

  • overacts, without curing: CARC, MERC.
  • oversensitive to: MED, MERC, NUX-V, PHOS, PULS, SULPH.
  •  high potencies: NIT-AC, PHOS.
  • quick reaction: PHOS.
  • wants of susceptibility, to: mosch.,op. 

SALT agg: NAT-M, PHOS.

  • aversion to: COR-R, GRAPH.
  • desires: ARG-N, CARB-V, LAC-C, NAT-M, NIT-AC, PHOS, VERAT.
  • salts & sweets: ARG-N. 

SMOKE agg: IGN, SPIG. 

STIMULANTS, agg: NUX. V. 

STONE- cutters, ailments in: CALC, SIL. 

SUGAR, abuse: ARG-N.

  • agg: ARG-N, LYC, SULPH.
  • aversion to: graph, zinc.
  • desires: ARG-N, LYC.
  • can only digest if eats large amounts of sugar: STAPH, nux-v.

TEA, agg: SEL, SEP. 

TOBACCO, abuse: CALAD.

  • agg: ARS, IGN, NUX-V, PLAN, PULS, SPIG, SPONG, STAPH.
  • ailments, from: CALAD, NUX-V.
  • aversion, to tobacco: CALC, IGN, NUX-V, PULS.
  • aversion, to smoking: IGN.
  • chewing agg: ARS.
  • desire for, smoking: CALAD, TAB.
  • headache, from smoking: IGN, NAT-A.
  • nausea smoking after: IP, NUX-V. 

TONICS desires: NUX-V. 

VACCINATION, ailments after: CARC, MALAND, MEZ, AR, SIL, SULPH, THUJ, TUB, VAC. 

Reference: 

  • Homoeopathic medical Repertory by Robin Murphy
  • Synthesis Repertory by Fredericke Schroyens
  • Repertory of Homoeopathic Materia Medica by J T Kent
  • Boger Boenninghausen’s Repertory
  • Boennibnghausen’s Therapeutic Pocket Book..
  • www.wikipedia.com.
  • www.yahoo.com

Dr Sunila BHMS,MD(Hom)
E mail: babuabu@gmail.com

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