Book review by Dr Sudheera A P BHMS,MD(Hom)
Fullname : The repertory of Homoeopathic Nosodes and sarcodes
Author : Berkeley squire
Dr.Berkeley Squire, a resident of Scotland , great Britain , wrote this repertory and published it in the year 1997 and second edition in 1999.
In Greek the term ‘Sarcode’ means fleshy. Sarcodes imply protoplasm of animals as distinguished from vegetable protoplasm. In homeopathy some of the Sarcodes are proved medicines. They are obtained from healthy endocrine or ductless glands or normal secretions of living human organs & lower animals. The secretions are mostly hormones.
Eg: Adrenaline, cholesterinum, fel tauri, insulin, pancreatium,Pepsinum etc.
In fact Sarcodes belong to animal kingdom sarcodes include products of animal glands and endocrine gland as a whole and secretion. Endocrine or ductless glands are those which produce hormones in the body.
Hormones are specific substances produced by the endocrine glands of higher animals, which are secreted into the blood & thus carried to all part of the body where they regulate many metabolic functions of the organism. They are quick acting and only a minute amount may have a profound effect on metabolism. Hormones are either proteins (eg:- insulin)steriods(eg.cortisone) or relatively simple organic compounds (eg. Adrenalin)
1. Sarcodes from whole endocrine glands
Thyroidinum (of sheep or calf)
Pitutarium postenium (the post position of the pituitary gland of sheep)
2. Sarcodes from Healthy Secretion (Hormones)
Hormone produced by the adrenal glands and may also be prepared synthetically. Its synthetic salt “Adrenalin hydrochloricum” is also used.
Cortisone Acetate (Cortisone monoacetate)
Cortisone A crystalline ste steroid hormone screated by the cortex of the adrenal gland in man
Adrenocorticotrophin (Syn-Acth, Corticotrophin)
A polypeptide hormone secreted by the pitutory gland which controls the adrenal glands.
Insulin - A pancreatic hormone that controls “Sugar netabolism” in the body
Pepsin - A digestive ‘enzyme’ produced in the stomach, which converts proteins into peptones produced from the stomach of hog or pig (secretin)
3)Sarcodes from Extract
Oophorinum (Ovarian of cow, sheep, pig)
Pancreatinum (from pancreases of beef, containing digestive enzymes)
Corpus luteum( from ovaries of pregnant animals)
4) Other sarcodes
A principle Steroid in higher animals, main constituent of gall bladder & bile
Fresh fox-gall etc.
From the glands of the cow & sheep
Extract of the parotid gland of the OX
Gizzard of a fowl
Yolk of egg and animal brain
Nosodes: Stedmann’s medical dictionary: this word came from two greek words
Ie; the treatment of the disease by means of causal agents or a product of the same disease is called nosodes
H.P.I(vol-14) – Homoeopathic preparation from pure microbial culture obtained from diseased tissue and clinical materials (secretions, discharges etc.)
The remedies which are prepared from diseased product of human beings, lower animals, and diseased plant products are called nosodes
First interest in the nosodes was the result of friendship with Dr. Gordon flint and his miasmatic approach to illness Vipera torva in the treatment of RA spurred on his failure to achieve desired ends in certain clinical cases , and at the same time convinced of the over whelming power of Homoeopathic medicine, he went to study constitutional prescribing in some greater depth , and so became convinced of the value of nosode prescription. He started to bring together for his own use something of a compilation of material from various known and established sources .Thus began , a few years back , the idea for this index so that others might reap benefits that he has enjoyed .
We see many regional repertories, which deals with one particular region of the body or one particular disease , like repertory on eye , repertory on respiratory organs, repertory of intermittent fever etc. But here is a repertory , which is constructed considering only nosodes and sarcodes . Other homoeopathic drugs from plat kingdom animal kingdom, mineral kingdom etc . are not taken in to consideration. The idea behind this way of construction of repertory is because of the vital role played by nosodes and sarcodes in treating the sick folks Dr, Berkeley Squire, a resident of Scotland , great Britain , wrote this repertory and published it in the year 1997 and second edition in 1999.
In the preface of this repertory, author has given the various reasons, while he wrote this book. Following are the few reasons .
As nosodes and sarcodes are prepared from body substance and discharge they must have a peculiar affinity with the functions of the body and they are unique, nosodes and sarcodes are considered for the construction of this repertory .There are other repertories , like kent’s repertory , Boenninghausen’s repertory , Boger’s characteristics repertory etc. which also has nosodes and sarcodes in them, but in these repertories nosodes and sarcodes get buried in the mass of other references . When these repertories were constructed the no. of nosodes and sarcodes were less and also their clinical verification was not confirmed repeatedly. But as the year passed , and clinical verification has confirmed the utility of nosodes and sarcodes , these drugs are separated and repertory is constructed.
When these nosodes and sarcodes are separated from the huge bulk of drugs in the materia medica , and studied separately , one can enhance their knowledge about them and extend their knowledge and skill for treating the sick folks . Any work that helps up to acquire more knowledge and more skill is worth for the space in the shelf.
Every Homoeopath on earth knows the utility of nosodes and sarcodes in treating the cases especially the chronic ones. By re-repertorising a case with this work we can come to a better understanding of the miasmatic basis of what we are treating .
The remedies are represented in a single grade only.
Total no . of remedies included in this repertory is 106
For the construction of his repertory author has taken material from 30 sources.
Construction of this repertory:
For the construction of this repertory author has largely adopted Boger’s Boenninghausen’s repertory .
In this repertory ordinary English language has been used . The reportorial language has been converted in to regular use english.
Thus for aetiology, author has used FROM, for concomitants he has used WITH, and for location WHERE is used.
Following is the scheme of subheadings appeared in this repertory
WHERE is situated between WHEN and WITH
Rubric : SENSATION
AGG. –morning, rising on
- air , open
FROM – congestion
WHEN – rising on
WITH – headache
It consists of 35 chapters namely
18) Male genitals
19) Female genitals
21) Cardiovascular system
29) Physical generals
32) Pain and sensations
35) Remedy relationship
Under each chapter the rubrics are printed in roman style, which is followed by aggravations (Agg.), Ameliorations (Amel.) , when , where, with. At first indentation, subrubrics and at second indentation, the subsubrubrics, and third indentation subsubsubrubrics are printed.
Remedies are not grade like other repertories. Author has his own explanation regarding this.
His reasons are
1) There are few nosodes and sarcodes and they are quite distinctive in their individual actions and so gradations are not required.
2) Many nosodes have their distinctive rubrics, so question of gradation not arise
3) He has not found this unaccented work any bar to successful prescribing
4) Grading of remedies may be an obstacle for prescribing , as “BIG” medicines lead .
Following are some peculiar rubrics given in this repertory
1) Dual personality
2) Duty, excessive senses of
3) Retardation- mental
5) Head- inflammation-encephalitis
9) Eyes, Lagopthalmus
10) Abdomen,inflammation, angiocholitis
11) Abdomen, gut dysbiosis
12) Rectum, Toilet training difficult in hyperactive boys
13) Urinary, Nephrotic syndrome
14) Female genital, Contraceptive pill-ill effects of-inherited effects in children
15) Development- sexual retarded
16) Fetus arrested development :Sec.
17) Chest , Air hunger
19) Funnel chest:Tub.
20) Locomotor :Carpal tunnel syndrome
21) Raynaud’s syndrome
22) Skin, Haematoma:X ray
24) Physical generals, Cancer
27) History medical
30) Metabolic rate fast
31) Prophylaxis- appendicitis- psor.
32) Sequaele with well being
- Text book of materia medica by Blackwood
- Text book of homoeopathic pharmacy by Mandal and Mandal
- Dictionary of materia medica by Clark
- Materia medica by Boericke
- Text book of nosodes by J.H.Allen